Aﬀective dysfunction has been robustly tied to antisocial behavior, but little research has evaluated whether aﬀective responses vary diﬀerentially with its aggressive (AGG) and rule-breaking (RB) subtypes. We therefore examined whether changes in negatively valenced aﬀect (elicited via written recollection of one’s best and worst life experiences) were linked to level (i.e., low, average, high) and type (i.e., AGG, RB) of antisocial behavior. The sample consisted of 288 undergraduate men. Results suggested a general trait-like association between negative aﬀect and AGG. However, this association varied across experimental conditions. In particular, the potentiation of negative aﬀect following an aversive task was consistently associated with AGG. RB, by contrast, demonstrated little to no association with negative aﬀect in any condition. Such ﬁndings imply that the link between antisocial behavior and aﬀective dysregulation is largely speciﬁc to its aggressive subtype, and does not persist to non-aggressive antisocial behavior.